Mediterranean Sea hotter during Roman Empire than today

The warmest in the past 2,000 years. And yet, we’re supposed to believe that our planet is now the hottest on record. Hmm. Do you suppose we’re being conned?


The headline tells it all:
Mediterranean Sea was 3.6°F hotter during the time of the Roman Empire – the warmest it has been for the past 2,000 years, study shows.”

‘For the first time, we can state the Roman period was the warmest period of time of the last 2,000 years, and these conditions lasted for 500 years,’ said Professor Isabel Cacho at the Department of Earth and Ocean Dynamics, University of Barcelona.

The distinct warming phase, the warmest period of the last 2,000 years, ran from AD 1 to AD 500, coinciding with the whole Roman Empire archaeological period.

Spanish and Italian researchers sampled markers taken from amoeba and foraminifera species in marine sediments to determine ancient sea water temperatures.

They say the warmer period may have coincided with the shift from the Roman Republic to the great Empire founded by Octavius Augustus in 27 BC.

‘This pronounced warming during the Roman Period is almost consistent with other marine records from Atlantic Ocean,’ the team said in their research paper, published in Scientific Reports.

This climate phase corresponds to what is known as the ‘Roman Climatic Optimum’ characterized by prosperity and expansion of the Empire, giving warmth and sunlight to crops.

The Roman Climatic Optimum, a phase of warm stable temperatures across much of the Mediterranean heartland, covers the whole phase of origin and expansion of the Roman Empire.

‘We hypothesise the potential link between this Roman Climatic Optimum and the expansion and subsequent decline of the Roman Empire.’

What caused the benevolent warmth?

Intense solar activity

“The historical warming of the Med during the Roman Empire is linked to intense solar activity,” the article states.

Prior to the Roman Climatic Optimum, from around 500 BC to 200 BC, the Mediterranean was characterized by a colder phase .

And following the Roman Climatic Optimum, the climate progressed towards colder and arid conditions that coincided with the historical fall of the Empire, scientists claim.

Earlier this year, another team of researchers claimed a massive volcanic eruption in Alaska more than 2,500 years ago triggered a global climate shock (sudden cooling) that led to the fall of the Roman Republic, which preceded the Empire.

The eruption of Mount Okmok in 43 BC spewed ash particles that cooled the planet by shading incoming solar radiation.

Scientists say this caused with a spell of extreme cold in the Mediterranean during the European summer – the second-coldest of the last 2,500 years.

So far so good.

But then the Daily Mail wanders off track. The article states, as if it were a fact, that even though the warming of 2,000 years ago was “tied to intense solar activity,” we are now faced “with the modern threat of greenhouse gases.”


Thanks to Sonya Porter for this link

12 thoughts on “Mediterranean Sea hotter during Roman Empire than today”

  1. “Earlier this year, another team of researchers claimed a massive volcanic eruption in Alaska more than 2,500 years ago triggered a global climate shock (sudden cooling) that led to the fall of the Roman Republic, which preceded the Empire.”

    I think you meant 1,500 years ago.

  2. Pity wine can only be kept for a limited amount of time and I have no way to Sample Roman wines. I’m sure they were of a quality one can only dream of. I wonder if Google can search for more information on the wines to help me get said dream LOL.

  3. I found what I was looking for:

    They even had a God of wine, Dionysus.
    I’ll keep it clean and not talk about their orgies but from what I read about Roman culture it sounds a very exciting time to have lived in and not just for the warm weather. Technologically, economically and culturally the World forged ahead in leaps and bounds and it is such a great shame that every now and again History goes through Dark Ages where wars, poverty and suffering occur and I doubt if anyone is drinking wine and organising orgies.
    We have a lot to be thankful for in our modern society.

    • Vesuvius will bite back any way with plenty of pyro clastics and gas. Just a matter of when not if. For all their talents in architecture,arts, car building and wine making Italians have a very unfortunate habit of building and living in or too close to volcanoes and calderas. They ought to do more to reduce the risk to themselves.

      • Yes, that’s a great catastrophe waiting to happen, with something like 2 million people in and around Naples, living beneath the volcano, far too many to evacuate in any sort of short time frame. A sudden eruption and pyroclastic flow could cause the greatest loss of life of any natural disaster in human history, even more than the Indonesian tsunami.

      • I Know and it the When that Worries Me, I’m Not Sure 100% But I’m Sure the When Will Be a Bit More Soon’ish Than We are Prepped For….

  4. daily mails sorta schizoid Im finding
    reporters sure cant spell or proofread
    and they dont unederstand most of whats handed to em to process either.

  5. Supposedly a civilized time too. So why is civilization afraid of it? There are occasional hints of fall already at times temperature and precipitation wise and it’s not even August.


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