The warmest in the past 2,000 years. And yet, we’re supposed to believe that our planet is now the hottest on record. Hmm. Do you suppose we’re being conned?
The headline tells it all:
Mediterranean Sea was 3.6°F hotter during the time of the Roman Empire – the warmest it has been for the past 2,000 years, study shows.”
‘For the first time, we can state the Roman period was the warmest period of time of the last 2,000 years, and these conditions lasted for 500 years,’ said Professor Isabel Cacho at the Department of Earth and Ocean Dynamics, University of Barcelona.
The distinct warming phase, the warmest period of the last 2,000 years, ran from AD 1 to AD 500, coinciding with the whole Roman Empire archaeological period.
Spanish and Italian researchers sampled markers taken from amoeba and foraminifera species in marine sediments to determine ancient sea water temperatures.
They say the warmer period may have coincided with the shift from the Roman Republic to the great Empire founded by Octavius Augustus in 27 BC.
‘This pronounced warming during the Roman Period is almost consistent with other marine records from Atlantic Ocean,’ the team said in their research paper, published in Scientific Reports.
This climate phase corresponds to what is known as the ‘Roman Climatic Optimum’ characterized by prosperity and expansion of the Empire, giving warmth and sunlight to crops.
The Roman Climatic Optimum, a phase of warm stable temperatures across much of the Mediterranean heartland, covers the whole phase of origin and expansion of the Roman Empire.
‘We hypothesise the potential link between this Roman Climatic Optimum and the expansion and subsequent decline of the Roman Empire.’
What caused the benevolent warmth?
Intense solar activity
“The historical warming of the Med during the Roman Empire is linked to intense solar activity,” the article states.
Prior to the Roman Climatic Optimum, from around 500 BC to 200 BC, the Mediterranean was characterized by a colder phase .
And following the Roman Climatic Optimum, the climate progressed towards colder and arid conditions that coincided with the historical fall of the Empire, scientists claim.
Earlier this year, another team of researchers claimed a massive volcanic eruption in Alaska more than 2,500 years ago triggered a global climate shock (sudden cooling) that led to the fall of the Roman Republic, which preceded the Empire.
The eruption of Mount Okmok in 43 BC spewed ash particles that cooled the planet by shading incoming solar radiation.
Scientists say this caused with a spell of extreme cold in the Mediterranean during the European summer – the second-coldest of the last 2,500 years.
So far so good.
But then the Daily Mail wanders off track. The article states, as if it were a fact, that even though the warming of 2,000 years ago was “tied to intense solar activity,” we are now faced “with the modern threat of greenhouse gases.”
Thanks to Sonya Porter for this link