More than Three Million Underwater Volcanoes

Ever wonder what might be heating the world’s oceans?

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Most estimates of volcanogenic carbon dioxide emission are woefully low, says consulting geologist Timothy Casey.

An enormous and unmeasured amount of carbon dioxide degases from volcanoes, mostly submarine.

Underwater eruption
Underwater eruption

Lava contains a surprising amount of carbon dioxide, said Casey in his paper, “Volcanic Carbon Dioxide.”  (Principia Scientific International, 16 June 2014). In fact, CO2 is the second most abundantly emitted volcanic gas next to steam.

Carbon dioxide from underwater volcanoes dwarfs man-made contributions

Carbon dioxide emissions from volcanoes – especially from underwater volcanoes – dwarf anthropogenic (man-made) contributions, says Casey. Unfortunately, some researchers dismiss not only mid-oceanic-ridge emissions, but all other forms of submarine volcanism altogether, which is a major oversight.

According to one study, Pacific mid-plate seamounts number between 22,000 and 55,000, of which 2,000 are active volcanoes, says Casey. One researcher dismisses those few, justifying the omission by claiming that mid-oceanic ridges discharge less CO2 than is consumed by hydrothermal carbonate systems.

Submarine lakes of liquid carbon dioxide

In point of fact, says Casey, carbon dioxide escapes these hydrothermal vent systems in such quantities that it sometimes accumulates in submarine lakes of liquid carbon dioxide. There is nothing to prevent that superheated carbon dioxide from dissolving into the seawater or otherwise making its way to the surface.

Since seawater in the vicinity of hydrothermal vent systems is saturated with carbon dioxide, and since seawater elsewhere is not saturated with CO2, it stands to reason that this saturation came from the hydrothermal vent system, Casey argues. If the vent system consumed more carbon dioxide than it emitted, the seawater in the vicinity of hydrothermal vent systems would be CO2 depleted.

Because the oceans occupy twice the surface area of land, it would be easy to believe that one the oceans would contain twice the number of volcanoes as exist on land. But the number of submarine volcanoes is far, far higher than that.

3,477,403 submarine volcanoes exist worldwide

As Casey points out, after surveying 201,055 submarine volcanoes, Hillier & Watts estimated that a total of 3,477,403 submarine volcanoes exist worldwide, of which, Casey estimates, 139,096 are active.

Casey’s conclusion?
Three Million Volcanoes Can’t be Wrong.

My conclusion?
Those active underwater volcanoes are pumping superheated water – as much as 2,150°F (1,177°C) hot – into the world’s oceans. More than ten times the boiling point!
Those same underwater volcanoes are pumping massive amounts of CO2 into the oceans, which then makes its way to the surface, and thence into our atmosphere.
It’s not global warming, it’s ocean warming.


I’m including the four references that I think are most relevant.

Hillier, J. K., & Watts, A. B., 2007, “Global distribution of seamounts from ship- track bathymetry data”, Geophysical. Research. Letters, Vol. 34, L13304, doi:10.1029/2007GL029874

Plimer, I. R., 2001a short history of planet earth, 250 pp., ISBN13: 978-0-7333-1004- 0

Plimer, I. R., 2009Heaven and Earth: Global Warming, the Missing Science, 503 pp., ISBN13: 978-1-9214-2114-3

Wishart, I., 2009Air Con: The Seriously Inconvenient Truth about Global Warming, ISBN13: 978-0-9582-4014-7

See entire paper:
http://www.principia-scientific.org/volcanic-carbon-dioxide.html

Thanks to Hans Schreuder for this link

“This paper totally blows the man-made CO2 hype out of the water and underscores your own predictions of the amount if underwater volcanic activity,” says analytical chemist Hans Schreuder.

“To those of us who can see through the official mist, the CO2 issue is nothing more than a political ruse, eagerly underwritten by academics who have never thought for themselves and only regurgitate what was written in their textbooks,” says Hans. “No critical thought, no acceptance that the old “masters” might have been wrong, such as Kirchoff, Arrhenius et al.”


Note:  In an attempt to make it readable for the layman, I’ve taken great liberties with Casey’s paper, simplifying, simplifying, simplifying. If you think I went too far, you’re welcome to point out your disagreements in the comments section.

I think the original paper – 20 pages long, quite technical, with more than 60 entries in the bibliography – would have made the average reader’s eyes cross very quickly.


10 thoughts on “More than Three Million Underwater Volcanoes”

  1. “Since seawater in the vicinity of hydrothermal vent systems is saturated with carbon dioxide”, never explore a hydrothermal vent with Mentos Candy in your diving suit.

    A foaming tsunami might happen like a Mentos Candy dropped into a Pepsi Soda Bottle like shown on Youtube or Mythbusters.

    The way to de-saturate the oceans of CO2 is clear. Drop Mentos Candy overboard and release tons of CO2 to prove AGW.

    /sarc

    • Rober
      You align magnetic reversals cyclicy with precession. This period of 23,000 years does not seem to square with the symmetrical bands on the ocean floors about a magma outflow that freezes the alternating polarities. These frozen alternating bands seem to indicate a much longer period between pole switches. Thank you very much.

  2. Great article, Ice Age Now author has always ‘gone too far’ in clarifying and ‘simplifying, simplifying, simplifying’ climate logos… as always the opposite of ‘redemption’ is required.

    For the truth about what is happening the world over and the extraordinarily serious weather conditions, I am once again moved to recommend that people in the U.S. and everywhere else in the world look to the truth about what is happening in two of the most important books [and blog site] written in this century. Lou Guzzo et al
    http://www.iceagenow.com/Everyone_Should_Read_Two_Books_by_Robert_Felix.htm

    https://www.iceagenow.com/Climatologists_Who_Disagree.htm
    “We need to talk about hibernating sunspots again,” said Ure. “There’s no way to count the number of emails I’ve received over the past several years since I started to mention the sound logic and science which Robert Felix put into his book “Not by Fire but by Ice”, a copy of which is still kept hand in our library.
    https://www.iceagenow.com/The_Redemption_of_Robert_Felix.htm

    Adapt2030 verifies in real time… right here, right now.
    Nile River Signals a Massive Global Rainfall Shift… once again
    world GSM/tectonic/climate/precipitation records being broken daily.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xLIgLgi4_2I

    Real dissenters are the revolutionary act/logos.

  3. All right !! Was wondering when Robert would come up with studies supporting my conjecture, vis a vis the underwater volcano north of Iceland giving rise to record snowfall and waiting for more on the mid-arctic ridge and dads Fletcher Seamount there.
    ¶%^}

  4. they pop down with ROVs merrily to see all sorts of life forms
    but oddly never seem to be sampling thermal vents near that ARE the fishies homes wouldnt be hard would it?
    but then
    if you dont want to find out…then its easy not to

  5. This jibes with the core samples from the Atlantic, which show that during glacial periods the Atlantic was warmer and during non glacial periods such as the last 12,000 years the Atlantic was colder. This paradox can be resolved by underwater volcanoes, heating the water from below. With Northern Europe and North America pushed down by ice and the sea level lower, there would be less weight of water on the seabed, permitting more release of heat.

  6. This also created the world’s abundance of sand.
    High pressure and almost instantaneous cold to generate small crystallization.
    This then shows too that our planet has had a massive amount more water/ice.

  7. MY THEORY IS THE PLANET WAS SMALLER AND IS GROWING.JUST LOOK AT THE ATLANTIC OCEAN FLOOR ,IT LOOKS LIKE STRETCH MARKS TO ME.I READ RECENTLY THE EQUATOR IS SMALLER.WORST CASE WOULD BE A MASSIVE CRACK AND WATER HITTING HOT CORE CAUSING EARTH TO BLOW UP BECOMING ASTEROID BELT OR LOSING MAGNETIC FIELD COMPLETELY.IS THAT WHY HAWKINS AND MUSK SAY WE HAVE TO GO TO MARS?

  8. Consider the Lake Nyos effect: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Nyos
    If there are vast pools of CO2-saturated deawater under the oceans they must “vent” from time to time and produce a vast release of CO2 into the atmosphere. Indeed there have been reports of huge areas of sea effervescing – bad luck to any ship nearby. Perhaps this explains some marine disappearances.

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