Underwater Volcanoes Heating the Arctic Ocean

The Arctic Ocean is heating from below, a new study has found.

“The strength of heat coming up from below the surface has been as strong as the heat coming down from the Sun,” said the mission’s chief scientist, Jennifer MacKinnon, of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego.

“There’s a reservoir of heat in the Arctic Ocean, well beneath the surface, that historically – when there’s been a lot of ice – has been fairly quiescent,” Dr MacKinnon explained.

The heat is being brought to the surface by surprisingly strong eddies, Dr MacKinnon’s team found. “The strength of [these currents] has been incredible,” Dr MacKinnon said.

Some of these currents were bringing water as warm as 6C to depths shallower than 50m; these are even more dramatic disturbances than the team had expected.

The source of that deep heat is a layer of warm water that is saltier – and therefore denser – than water at the surface.

As dwindling ice exposes more water to the wind, this turbulence could close a vicious circle, accelerating ice melt, the article warns.

This may all be true. But it doesn’t address the bigger question. If that heated water is coming from the depths of the ocean, how did it get down there?

There is no way that humans could heat the deeper waters without first heating the surface.

I think the best explanation would be that the water is being heated by underwater volcanoes.

Most people aren’t aware of this, but the Arctic Ocean contains untold numbers of underwater volcanoes.

Look at the Gakkel Ridge.

Measuring some 1,800 km (1,100 miles) long, the Gakkel Ridge is made up of mile after mile after mile of huge underwater volcanoes. This chain of underwater volcanoes is far mightier than the Alps, which  measure “only” 1,200 km (750 mi.) long.

Eleven-hundred-miles long. That’s farther than it is from Seattle to Los Angeles. A planetary-sized hot water heater.

Scientists have found “surprisingly strong magmatic activity in the West and the East of the ridge and one of the strongest hydrothermal activities ever seen at mid-ocean ridges.” Indeed, they’ve found “dramatically” higher magmatism than expected.

Forget your global warming nonsense, that water is being heated by underwater volcanoes.

Arctic Ocean Map

Location of the Gakkel and other ridges

See “Arctic seafloor afire with lava-spewing volcanoes”


Larger map showing location of the Gakkel and other ridges:

Thanks to Greg for these links

26 thoughts on “Underwater Volcanoes Heating the Arctic Ocean”

  1. Don’t worry, the so-called climate experts at IPCC, Penn State etc. will find a way to blame the Arctic magmatic activity on humans, & specifically those humans who question their veracity.

  2. Well, whether you are boiling water for spaghetti or arctic char, you turn the heat on “underneath” the pot. 😉

    • LOL and just cooked Arctic Char from a renewable Lapland source is very, very nice.
      The Arctic Char located in Lake Bala, Wales, a remnant Ice Age Glacial lake should be left to grow on as they are an at risk specie in the UK.

  3. ROFL.. so, natural heat helps explain ice loss, but it is that heat that will cause run away ice loss. But, it was large amounts of ice that “quiesced” the heat from the underwater volcanoes. … OK. sure.

    “… when there’s been a lot of ice – [the reservoir of heat] has been fairly quiescent,” Dr MacKinnon explained.”

    • There is no such thing as ‘cold’. There is heat or lack thereof. Heat will dissipate toward molecules that lack heat. So, yes, the cold ice pulls heat in the direction of a lack of heat.

  4. This study finds a layer as warm as 6 oC as shallow as 50 m. They are not talking about even warmer water at great depth and they imply that a salinity difference is key to understanding what is going on. This is complicated by the fact that water is densest at 3.8 oC. The authors would have noted if the warm water was coming from the depths (bottom or near bottom) of the ocean. Really unlikely that this warmer, extra salty layer is due to a volcano. There is already a lot of evidence that melting of glacial ice in both the arctic and Antarctic leads to low salinity in surface waters.

  5. To get a good understanding of climatology in relation to the Arctic it helps to read the ebook by Alan Longhurst of Bedford Institute of Oceanography.


    There are some gaps. And there are places that need editing, But overall the book is a useful antidote to the under-accounting for the role of oceans in climate science.

    I am not finished the book and will read it again once I have finished. But two things stand out: 1) the discussion of the “skin” of the oceans and radiative transfer. 2) the role of ocean oscillations in the climate of the Arctic.

    The discussion of the radiative transfer at the skin (interface between atmosphere and ocean) is too short but the references will be helpful to follow up the detailed studies.

    The discussion of the Arctic is important because the usual treatment neglects the role of the Atlantic and especially the AMO (multidecadal oscillation).

    Following up the references will take me a month. I look forward to the last third of the book and to the three months it will take me to follow up the many references.

    There are several seminal papers that would have helped strengthen the case that oceans have a bigger role than provided for in popular climatology promoted by AGW advocates. But the author devotes his text to exploring the phenomena of interest rather than making a case against AGW.

    His approach reminds me of Hubert Lamb’s approach: both authors take a long-term view of the evolution of Earth’s climate during the Holocene. The main difference is that Dr Longhurst focuses mostly on modern studies and refers to paleoclimatology only to show which of the modern studies are consistent with what has been known about the oceans for decades.

    It would be easy to take potshots at a few sentences here and there throughout the text. But my sense while reading is that Dr Longhurst well knows that the book is not ready for publication. That suits me well enough. I am grateful for his pointers to the relevant literature and its significance to the issues he raises concerning the context in which they were produced.

  6. Inadvertently, they may have found the asteroid impact site for the North American Large mammals and the Clovis Indians extinction event, equally the Atlantic Ocean rift/ridge terminates in this area. The area between the two major ridges looks remarkably like the impact zone for the Drake passage.
    The Atlantic Ocean rift/ridges become very active during the Sun’s orbital changes during an AMP event within a Solar Minimum. Every solar minimum since AD 600 is noted with increased ridge based volcanic eruptions, particular in Iceland and the ridge extending to Greenland, why should the ridges extending into the Arctic basin be any different.
    One, and only one of the root causes of warming, particularly at the start of an interglacial is a major period volcanic ridge warming of the oceans particularly in the Arctic Ocean, the same warming takes place each time the Sun executes an AMP event.
    If one took place at the start of a solar warm period which it did during SC20, that would account for the increased NH warming of the oceans. Warm salty water has to be heated at depth, because it has to rise in the water column, it can not be heated from the surface, because it would dissipate in all direction at the surface.

  7. a new study..of info already known , rejigged.
    when you look at the massive area of the planet under water, and consider the live areas on dry land
    its not rocket OR climate:-) nonscience to figure theres a whole lotta known unknowns down there 😉

    people who have a hard time walking n chewing gum will say how concerned they are about melting polar caps or co2 missions, the VW farce is a ripper.. but when all said n done theyve not done a scrap of real personal research or even reading . media sound bites are all they need to form an opinion.
    some of them…vote.
    Im pretty glad the others find ticking a box on paper is too hard to do!

    • To me, voting looks like a rugby scrum without a ball. Each team has similar distributions of IQ or any other variable that one might consider as relevant.
      Don’t waste yer energy. Just be the change you want to see.

  8. Thanks Robert for his article. Very interesting information which when one takes into the picture, I think it is actually quite scary, as with all of those underwater volcanoes in the arctic, how come there is still so much ice on the surface of the arctic. In fact the ice is growing in most places in the Arctic. I don’t think CO2 has anything at all to do with the so-called lack of ice in the Arctic or Antarctic. There are many articles and videos on my website about CLIMATE FRAUD, Geo-engineering, ICE-AGE AND WEIRD WEATHER.

  9. This should be a no-brainer.

    The IPCC reports global climate warming of nearly 1 degree C since 1900. Since water is about 1,000 times denser than air at sea level, it takes roughly a 1,000 degree temp differential for 1 cubic meter of air to heat 1 cubic meter of water 1 degree.

    Thus it is impossible to attribute ocean warming to “global warming,” atmospheric warming. The remaining possibility is geothermal warming, which, as a logical necessity, is the cause of ocean warming, at least until a better, more plausible, causation is proven.

  10. Back in 1963 Surtsy made an appearance–to much excitement. That caused me to wonder what else might be going on below the surface, but I was only a Lit major so what would I know. Interesting that someone is now studying this.

  11. if there’s to be a new ice age from the collapse of the Atlantic Conveyor…oh, please-please-please let it do a fast freeze (2-7 days) of the US northeast corridor from DC north.

    • Yes, by all means let it happen, but can you keep it over there in the US, where the grass is greener, the pay higher, and the quality if life far better than in this rubbish country called the UK.
      The country with the worst record for gold plating EU and Environmental laws, with a Labor Party so far the left as to make the Russian Communist Party right wing and completely unelectable for the next 25 years. The same set of Tossers who screwed the country with unnecessary CO2 reduction laws because they were completely taken in with the CO2 Carbon Credit Ponzy fraud developed by the Carbon Communists based in the East Anglia University.

    • If the Atlantic Conveyor shuts down, it won’t be the northeastern United States which will take the hit; it’ll be the North Atlantic on the other side of the Conveyor. Britain, France and perhaps Germany, not to mention Scandinavia, might revert to near-Ice Age conditions while the U.S. northeast you seem to dislike would be affected much less.

      A partial shutdown, paradoxically, might mean the North Atlantic would continue to warm, as warming effects outweighed the cooling.

  12. It is also extremely likely El-Nino/La-Nina cycles are also driven by underwater volcanic activity – sometimes very active – El-Nino – ans other times much less so – La-Nina periods.

    All the Pacific ocean heating commences off the west America’s coastline – coincident with the famous “Ring of Fire”.

    Coincidence – I don’t think so – volcanic activity seems to be above normal recently coincident with a developing El-Nino of apparently large proportions as well as the infamous “Blob”.

    Sounds more plausible to me than the “perpetual motion hypothesis” of recycled atmospheric radiation heating the deep oceans against all the known principles of Physics and conventional science !

    • If you scroll back to the Marco Rubio post on this blog (27th) and my comment (28th), you’ll find a reference to a peer reviewed paper in “Sedimentary Geology”. It supports the role of plate tectonics and oceanic ridge volcanism in global climate on a geological time-scale.

      • Gobal Warming is multifarious and learning the natual causes are important as to bring it under human control. To date the only known way to counteract Gobal Warming is to limit Green House Gases whether their the main cause or not.

  13. “This may all be true. But it doesn’t address the bigger question. If that heated water is coming from the depths of the ocean, how did it get down there?”

    Send that man back to school to learn earth sciences and geography.

  14. Place a tube of warmer than ambient water and a second tube of ambient 72 deg water side by side inside a controlled sub-freezing environment; the warmer water tube will freeze quicker than that of ambient. Convection.
    Ambient temperature at surface of sea well below freezing meets with a higher than ambient sub-terrainian water inflow temperature, cubing will occur quicker at surface that is ice free, then freeze nominally directly below existing ice shelf.
    Submariners have know this for wellll quite a long time.
    Will leave it at that.

    See Ya

  15. V interesting conversation. Would be nice if there were volcanoes responsible. Have considered neutrino conversion responsible. Perhaps magnetic solitons. But correct as to connection to solar magnetic reversals.

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