Volcano that gave rise to Atlantis legend re-awakens

Cataclysmic eruptions at the Greek isle of Santorini about 3,600 years ago spewed out 9.5 to 14.3 cubic miles (40 to 60 cu km) of lava that devastated the ancient Minoan culture, and may have inspired the legend of the lost city of Atlantis.

Santorini (from north) - Credit Yoo Chung

Since that huge eruption, which affected the environment  as far away as China and perhaps even North America and Antarctica, Santorini has experienced a series of smaller eruptions that ended in 1950. After a 60-year lull, the volcano re-awakened in January 2011.

Fortuitously, scientists had installed a GPS monitoring system in the area in 2006. In June 2011, they noticed that their GPS stations had moved 0.2 to 1.3 inches (5 to 32 mm) farther from the caldera (which is mostly underwater) than just six months earlier. By January 2012, the movement had accelerated, reaching 7 inches (180 mm) of growth per year.

Computer models suggest that the swelling is due to an influx of nearly 500 million cubic feet (14.1 million cubic meters) of magma into a chamber 2.5 to 3.1 miles (4 to 5 km) below the surface.

This influx of magma does not necessarily signal an impending explosion,  the scientists assure us. “However, we cannot say for certain that this will not erupt either.”

See entire article:

Thanks to Robert Dean for this link

Even if it should erupt, 9.5 cubic miles of lava “represents only about 0.03 percent of the estimated eruptive volume from the monstrous 1650 B.C. eruption—not nearly enough for a repeat performance,” says Discovery.com. “Should Santorini erupt, it will most likely be a relatively tame event.”

http://news.discovery.com/earth/volcano-watch-heavy-breathing-in-santorini-the-iconic-white-roofs-of-the-greek-isles-of-santorini-may-not-stay-that-way.html (Thanks to John Reno for this link)

My concern of course, is the cumulative effect of so many volcanoes going off around the world. And how many underwater volcanoes are now erupting that we aren’t even aware of?

Warmer oceans and cooler skies  – a deadly combination.

17 thoughts on “Volcano that gave rise to Atlantis legend re-awakens”

  1. Building cities on volcanic crater rims is asking for trouble. Better take a LOT of pictures of Santorini– it ain’t gonna be there very long.

    • After a thousand years of nothing, people tend to forget about calamities of the past, don’t you think?

  2. Atlantis sank into the ocean in the last geographic poleshift, the geographic poleshift is the reason we found tropical forests underneath the ice in antarctica. The mammoths were creatures living in WARM climates, they froze in an instant at the poleshift with tropical plants in their stomacs.

    • I have a problem with geographic pole shifts, much the same as I have a problem with “continental drift.” Both require enormous amounts of energy to cause to happen. I still don’t see the source of energy that would cause a solid mass to be forced down under another solid mass, required for tectonic plate actions, and I can’t see anything short of an enormous, brief interaction with a wandering gravitational force – Nibiru, or something like that, causing a geographic pole shift.

      I think Atlantis, and it probably did exist, though not necessarily as we might think of it, was lost to rising sea levels after the last ice age. I saw a case for placing it’s existence in the South China Sea or the Indian Ocean, or in any area where there is fairly shallow waters with a deeper bowl in the center. I don’t think it was an island that sank into the Atlantic. Since all “sea based” trade required exiting the Mediterranean into the Atlantic, wherever it would be located – and there was sea trade to the Orient at that time – it would have been located beyond the “Pillars of Hercules,” which is where I think Plato placed it.

      • And speaking of Nibiru, or something like that, I can’t see why a passing body would cause rotation of the planet either, unless, of course, the Earth is a hollow body with greater mass around the equator and less at poles, then you might be able to make a case of rotating the planet, but not necessarily, of changing the axis of rotation.

    • The book of D.S.Allan and J.B.Delair, Compelling Evidence of a Cathastrophe in 9500 B.C. has a lot of referencies from scientific reports that is confirming what you are saying.

      If it was a comet or vulcanoes, that created this mess, the eastern Siberia must have been much warmer before the days when the mammoths were extinct.

      About Atlantis, Klaus Dona, shows in his lecture, the interpretation of the carving of a stone; there is an island in the middle of the atlantic ridge. You can watch it after 24 minutes in the film.


      The minoans were great sailors. A newly discovered ship wreck outside the turkish cost showed that the copper bars in the ship were mined at the Lakes.

      Also, the Basques were great sailors. Before Columbus, they were catching cod maybe as far as on the banks of New Foundland. An interesting side of the Basque language is, what I have learned, that many words are similar or have an origin of Indian language. Maybe they are ancesters from the antedeluvian world.

      The uniformatirmistic teaching is challanged from several angles.

  3. I thought the “total heat” in the oceans really hadn’t changed, but we all know that water expands as it warms up from a very cool temperature – could be that your warmer oceans may have generated quite a lot of the rise in sea level. Still, the slight drop in sea level may also suggest that the ocean is cooling a bit thus contracting.

    One thing I would like to say regarding the “tame” eruption. The mega eruption obviously created that caldera when it blew the topping island off. The “tame” eruption will produce far greater volumes of the same ash that the Iceland volcano produced, since the Mediterranean will continuously fill that caldera with water. It may be “tame” but what the ash does in the atmosphere may NOT be tame.

  4. —I think I’ll stick to what Plato said, that Atlantis was outside the Pillars of Hercules i.e. beyond Gibralter in the Atlantic.

  5. PS: Perdavid — I’ve always been intrigued by the idea of mammoths being found with food in their mouths and stomachs and whose flesh was still good enough to be fed to sled dogs of the expeditions which found them lying in herds.

    Just how cold does it have to be to flash freeze a mammoth which is much larger even than an elephant? Flash freezing would have been necessary for the food and flesh to have been found as it was. If the flesh froze even at Polar temperatures, the stomach (far from the skin and outer flesh) would have decomposed.

    So — anyone know how cold it has to be, etc?

    I have a very odd idea on how this happened but I don’t suppose anyone will agree with me.

    Suppose the earth tilted (as suggested, Perdavid), not only the seas but also the air, which acts like a liquid under certain circumstances, would have moved rapidly, possibly leaving a gap open to the absolute cold of space. That would have done it.

    I’d appreciate other people’s comments on this.

  6. If Plato’s daing of Atlantis is correct, then the sinking of Atlantis coincides with end of the last ice age and the sudden melting of glaciers and ice caps on a massive scale wich raised sea level over 300 feet worldwide. To get some idea of the scale of this catastrophe see Graham Hancock’s book, Underworld, which deals with civilizations innundated during that period.

    • Using “Google Earth” if you look at the continental shelf just west of Ireland you will see under sea river gorges down to a depth of four kilometers below present day sea level. This is repeated at a multitude of other locations all around the world. During Ice Ages sea level worldwide goes down by at least four kilometers lower than its present day level. According to Professor Yostrum of Sweden in his controversial ground breaking book “Subdue the Earth” he concluded that during Ice Ages sea level can drop up to a full six kilometers, leaving vaste areas of the Earth as expanses of desert. Dust from which blocks out even more sun light thus deepening the Ice Ages further. Meaning that all the land presently above sea level will be well above the snow line, sitting under ice sheets several kilometers deep. Professor Yostrum believed that the Ice Ages came in and went out catacysmically very suddenly. Probably due to super volcano’s erupting ? Although Santorini is not going to be the big one this time around, nevertheless there are no shortage of other even bigger super volcano’s that are going to erupt. Everyone is worried about Yellowstone Caldera because of its location in the USA, but a look at Google Earth reveals that there are actually hundreds of other caldera equally as deadly all around the world in every country ! I live next door to one such caldera. The crater of it measures 25 kilometers across with a rim 65 meters high. It sits on the edge of an even bigger crater more than 55 kilometers diameter. Look at the East Anglia on Google Earth at “Thetford” and the County of Cambridge and the Fens. I live in Norwich in the County of Norfolk. My theory is that these caldera erupt suddenly and without much warning. My theory is that volcano’s are powered by Cosmic Ray Induction. Since recently fewer there being sunspots has resulted in higher levels of Cosmic Rays penetrating the Solar System we can thus expect some higher levels of volcanic activity. Not just more volcano’s generally, but also bigger volcano’s too.

  7. As to the under water volcanoes, if you have been watching the Real-time Earthquake Map on USGS for even the past year you can get a picture where some of the major under water volcanoes might be happening around the world. The smaller ones most likley do not regeister on earthquake maps as they are to far from monitoring systems.

    When someone says not to worry like Discovery.com says then it is time to worry, I for one do not trust anyone who says this is the way it is.

  8. Unfortunately for drama enthusiasts, “Atlantis sinking into the sea” and instantaneous poleshifts do not happen overnight. Plato reported that Atlantis was inundated 9,000 years before the time of Solon, who lived about 550 BC. This would place the inundation of Atlantis at the end of the last ice age, at the end of the Younger Dryas. At that time, the glaciers melted and the sea level rose so rapidly that the reefs geologists use to measure sea level changes were totally drowned. No pole shift then. Any “pole shift” would have taken about 1,000 years in the period 13,000 to 12,000 BC, when the climate warmed from the glacial minimum.

    • Laurent might I suggest you read Robert’s book Magnetic Reversals and Evolutionary Leaps? I believe he disagrees with your time line theory, and with little drama…

  9. Likewise, building cities in the future paths of mudflows and lahars is going to end badly. Dozens of towns and cities are in danger in Washington State if Mt. Rainier or Mt. Baker have a landslide; they don’t even have to erupt to potentially destroy and kill, just collapse and trigger a massive mudflow. Entire communities are actually built on top of old lahars and mudslides. This is just another ticking time bomb. Meanwhile the politicians tell us that we should fear a harmless trace gas that all life depends on.

  10. Catastrophism proven dominant force in geology once again: Scientists stunned by dramatic change in seafloor in two weeks

    Posted on May 13, 2012

    May 13, 2012 –TONGA – Researchers studying the Monowai volcano, near Tonga, recorded huge changes in height in just two weeks. Lead author Tony Watts of Oxford University told the BBC that the revelation was “a wake-up call that the sea-floor may be more dynamic than we previously thought. I’ve spent my career studying the seabed and have generally thought it pretty stable so it’s stunning to see so much change in such a short space of time.” As many as 32,000 underwater mountains have been identified around the world and the majority are believed to be volcanic in origin. Several thousand of these may be active but a combination of ocean depth and remoteness means that very few have been studied. The team then left the area to carry on with planned research elsewhere but three days later were warned that seismic detectors on the Cook Islands had detected violent activity around the volcano over a five-day period. “If we had been over the volcano during the eruption, rocks could have hit the hull of the ship – that could have been potentially dangerous.” Later the ship returned to the scene and the scientists were surprised to see how much the volcano had changed. In the space of a fortnight, one part of the volcano’s summit had collapsed by as much as 18.8m while new lava flows had raised another area by 79.1m. Most striking was the creation of an entirely new volcanic cone. The researchers believe the changes are larger than at most other volcanoes. Only Vesuvius and Mount St Helens have recorded larger growth rates. The paper says the speed of growth and change is “a reminder of how rapidly geological processes such as submarine land-sliding and volcanism can occur.” Professor Watts said: “Any movement on the seabed has the potential to create a tsunami. An earthquake suddenly dislocates the seabed. Here a violent disturbance lasted five days with magma oozing out which might be too slow to trigger a tsunami – but it’s unknown. “This is a violent exchange of rock into the water – it could destabilize the cone and cause a landslide which in principle could cause a tsunami. –BBC

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